Resources > Sensitive Species > Birds, Threatened or Endangered  
Federally or State Listed or Proposed Threatened and Endangered Species
Bald Eagle   Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Federal Threatened and State Endangered. A former nesting species along the coast. Now a casual winter visitor in the Santa Barbara region. (Lehman 1994. One pair has bred near Lake Cachuma since 1989. Only one recent record in 1975 of a bald eagle flying over the Slough. This species expected to occur within the Slough only as a rare visitor.
Bank Swallow   Riparia riparia
State Threatened. A former nester along the ocean cliffs just east of the mouth of the Slough, now a rare spring and fall transient in the Slough and along the Santa Barbara coast. Requires vertical sand or clay banks near water for nesting.
Belding's Savannah Sparrow   Passerculus sandwichensis beldingii
State Endangered. A year-round resident of salt marshes that are dominated by pickleweed. At least 117 pairs of breeding savannah sparrows were recorded in the Slough in 1994 (Holmgren and Kisner 1994). Regulalry seen on wet beach and upland vegetation at west end of Goleta Beach Park and adjacent UCSB property (Museum of Systematics and Ecology [MSE] field notes).
Brown Pelican   Pelecanus occidentalis
Federal and State Endangered (nesting colony). A common, year-round visitor to coastal regions in Santa Barbara County. Breeds intermittently on Channel Islands but not on the mainland. Uses Slough channels and sandy beach at the outlet. Numbers have rebounded since its listing.
California Black Rail   Laterallus jamaicensis coturniculus
State Threatened. Frequents tidal salt marshes along coast that are heavily vegetated with pickleweed. Only five records for this species in S.B. County. Unlikely to be found in Goleta Slough, but very difficult to detect when present.
California Least Tern   Sterna albifrons browni
Federal and State Endangered. Occurs only as a rare spring transient or post-breeding (July-early Sept.) visitor in southern Santa Barbara coastal regions. Historically bred on the sandy beach at the mouth of the Slough. Rare, but regularly observed foraging during the spring and summer within the UCSB Lagoon (Lehman 1994). (Photo by Morgan Ball)
Light-footed Clapper Rail   Rallus longirostris levipes
Federal and State Endangered. This species currently occupies California coastal salt marshes from Carpinteria Salt Marsh (three reported in Spring 1996) to San Diego Bay. Habitat that may be suitable for this species occurs within the Slough, although limited in extent (pers. comm Zembal). (Photo by Morgan Ball)
Peregrine Falcon   Falco peregrinus
Federal and State Endangered. This species occurs thoughout coastal southern California in small numbers during migration and winter. This race has not been recorded nesting along the southern Santa Barbara County coast in recent years, although individuals could be expected to hunt within the Slough as rare visitors. Present near and at Slough mouth on several occasions in winter 1995 and 1996 (pers. comm. Holmgren).
Sandhill Crane   Grus canadensis
Federal Threatened. A casual winter visitor along the coast. Frequents grasslands, marshes and agricultural fields. Recorded within the Goleta Slough but expected only as a rare vagrant.
Southwestern Willow Flycatcher   Empidonax traillii extimus
Federal and State Endangered. Probably was formerly a fairly widespread and common nester, now a rare breeder regionally only in the Santa Ynez river. Requires wet willow or willow riparian habitats. Probably not a migrant in the Ecosystem. Not likely to colinize the Ecosystem in the near future.
Western Snowy Plover   Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus
Federal Threatened and State Species of Special Concern. Historically nested on sandy beach at the mouth and in the upper estuary of Goleta Slough. Since the construction of Goleta Beach Country Park, there is no longer any suitable breeding habitat. Only one record of a snowy plover on the beach since the late 1980s. This species is not expected to use the Slough during migration and winter months.

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