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Federal Listed and State Special Concern Species
American Bittern   Botaurus lengtiginosus
Federal Species of Management Concern, State Species of Special Concern and Locally Rare. Formerly a nesting species locally in fresh and brackish marshes; by mid-1980s only present as a transient and winter visitor. Now rarely seen along the South Coast. May occur within the Slough as a rare visitor (Holmgren, pers. comm.).
 
American White Pelican   Pelecanus erythrorhyncos
State Species of Special Concern. A rare transient and winter visitor along the southern Santa Barbara coast. A rarely recorded vagrant within Goleta Slough.
Black Skimmer   Rynchops niger
State Species of Special Concern (nesting colonies). Up to 175 birds are now present year-round at the Sycamore and Mission Creek outfalls. A few have been seen at Devereux Slough and Campus Lagoon within the last several years. As long as suitable habitat is lacking (isloated sand bars or islands within estuaries), this speces is not likely to breed in southern Santa Barbara county.
Black Swift   Cypseloides niger
Federal Species of Management Concern and State Species of Special Concern. Observed only as a rare spring and fall transient in Santa Barbara county. Recorded in Goleta Slough but only as a rare migrant.
 
Burrowing Owl   Speotyto cunicularia
Federal Protected and Species of Management Concern and State Species of Special Concern. Formerly a common breeder from coastal bluffs to foothills, this species' numbers continue to decline even as a rare winter visitor. Formerly a regular winter visitor, the species occurs now only occasionally in the Ecosystem in winter. Prsent at More Mesa in the fall and early winter of 1994 and 1995 (pers. comm. Holmgren). (Photo by Donley Olson)
California Gull   Larus californicus
State Species of Special Concern (nesting colonies). Abundant in winter and common in summer within and near all aquatic habitats along the Santa Barbara coast and is regularly observed within the Goleta Slough. Breeds no further south than Mono Lake in California.
Cooper's Hawk   Accipter cooperi
Federal Protected and State Species of Special Concern. A fairly common transient and winter visitor and uncommon summer breeder in coastal southern Santa Barbara County. Frequents open riparian woodland, oak savannah, sough margins, and well-organized residential areas. This species is recorded within Goleta Slough occasionally in summer and consistently at other times of year. Nested in spring 1995 at west margin of More Mesa (pers. comm. Lentz).
Common Loon   Gavia immer
Federal Species of Management Concern and State Species of Special Concern (breeding)
 
Double-created Cormorant   Phalacrocorax auritus
State Species of Special Concern (rookery site). A common winter visitor to coastline and inland waters. Regularly observed within the Goleta Slough channels and off the coast. (pers. comm. Holmgren).
Elegant tern   Sterna elegans
Federal Species of Management Concern and State Species of Special Concern (nesting colonies). Common in summer and fall over aquatic habitats along Santa Barbara coast and is regularly observed within Goleta Slough. No records of breeding within the County.
Fulvous Whistling Duck   Denrocygna bicolor
State Species of Special Concern and Locally Rare. This species has been recorded within Goleta Slough (Collins 1983, but only as a rare vagrant.
 
Golden Eagle   Aquila chrysaetos
Federal Protected, State Species of Special Concern and Locally Rare. A rare visitor to the South Coast found in open country. Recorded over the Goleta Slough, but expected only as a rare vagrant.
 
Harlequin Duck   Histrionicus histrionicus
State Species of Special Concern. This species has been recorded within Goleta Slough (Collins 1983) but only as a rare vagrant.
 
Loggerhead Shrike   Lanius ludovicianus
Federal Protected and State Species of Special Concern. Fairly common non-breeding summer, fall and early winter visitor. Frequents grassland, scrub and open areas, including disturbed habitat. Regularly observed in Slough from mid-June to early April. Ideal breeding habitat is present in Goleta Slough, but breeding not known between Pt. Conception and Ventura County.
Long-billed curlew   Numenius americanus
Federal Species of Management Concern and State Species of Special Concern. Uncommon, but annually seen in Slough from late June to April. Frequents sandy beaches and sloughs. Non-breeder.
Northern Harrier   Circus cyaneus
Federal Protected, State Species of Special Concern and Locally Rare. Probably bred formerly along the South Coast; now fall, winter and spring visitor in most years. From 1-3 individuals may be seen in Goleta Slough; in other years rare or absent.
Osprey   Pandion haliaetus
Federal Protected and State Species of Special Concern. Uncommon fall transient and rare winter visitor to rivers, channels and open bodies of water. Species has been recorded within Goleta Slough more frequently in recent years. Observed in October 1995 at mouth of Slough (Dungan et al. 1995).
Prairie Falcon   Falco mexicanus
Federal Protected and State Species of Special Concern. A rare winter visitor to the South Coast, found in open grassland, agricultural fields and river mouths. Recorded over Goleta Slough but expected only as a rare vagrant.
 
Purple Martin   Progne Subis
State Species of Special Concern. Formerly present along the South Coast. Recorded in Goleta Slough, but only as a rare migrant. Not expected to breed along the South Coast.
Sharp-shinned Hawk   Accipter striatus
Federal Protected and State Species of Special Concern. A common winter visitor, which frequents woodlands, the periphery of open areas, and occasionally observed within residential areas around bird feeders. The species is commonly recorded within Goleta Slough.
 
Short-eared Owl   Asio flammeus
Federal Protected, Species of Management Concern, State Species of Special Concern and Locally Rare. A rare winter that frequents grassland and coast marshland. This species has been recorded within Goleta Slough (Lehman 1994) but only as a rare vagrant. Up to almost anually at More Mesa from late fall to early winter. None in 1995-96.
Tricolored Blackbird   Agelaius tricolor
Federal Protected and State Species of Special Concern. Formerly more common, now an uncommon and very local breeder in Santa Barbara County. Breeds in dense stands of bulrushes and cattails. Until the early 1980s, bred in Goleta Slough north of UCSB and Goleta Sanitary District near Fowler Road. Winters locally in small numbers at latter locations (e.g. December 1995).
 
White-faced Ibis   Plegadis chihi
Federal Species of Management Concern, State Species of Special Concern and Locally Rare (rookery site). Formerly bred in Ecosystem, although last records were in the 1930s and 1940s. Now occurs only as a rare transient and occasional spring migrant throughout southern Santa Barbara County. In 1996, several individual over-wintered in area.
White-tailed Kite   Elanus leucurus
Federal Protected and Species of Management Concern, State Species of Special Concern and S.B. CO. Protected. Regular breeder and year-round resident in the Ecosystem. This species has a long and well-documented history in the Goleta Valley. Between 3 and 10 pairs may use the Ecosystem for breeding in most years. Populations are capable of responding dramatically to changes in local food supply. No individuals were present for 18 months during the drought period from 1990 to late 1991. The communal, nocturnal roost site draw in birds that forage daily as fas as 10 km from the roost. As many as 112 individuals have gathered (Waiain, 1978) but counts at the roost since 1993 have recorded between 17 and 32 birds. The roost is usually located in a lemon orchard east of Ward Drive. Other roost sites have been located on More Mesa, Los Carneros Wetland and Atascadero Creek northeast of More Mesa. Often seen foraging in the Slough, especially in the late afternoon as many birds use grasslands, salt marsh and sparse brushy areas as they move toward the roost.
Yellow-breasted chat   Icteria virens
State Species of Special Concern. A rare summer resident along the South Coast but common in some areas north of Pt. Conception. Breeds in dense willow riparian habitat. Recorded in Goleta Slough but expected only as a rare migrant.
 

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